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Victor Figol’s Paintings

Victor Figol is one of the many artists in the era of modernism. According to his works Figol seems really love natural scenery and water. At many paintings, Figol very often painted rainy situation and scenery with river or lake. Let’s look at some paintings of Victor Figol.

Image

 

What do you think about this painting? Impressive is not it? This painting is called “Road to Happiness” which was painted by a modern artist Victor Figol. This painting catches my eye automatically with bright colors that seemed to liven up the atmosphere in the painting. Victor Figol set rainy evening theme in this painting. Despite the situation is evening and rainy, Figol a touch of bright colors so that the atmosphere does not look dark, but lovely atmosphere. This painting has a very attractive color game with such detail. As we can see, Figol suggestive the reflection of the light reflected by the puddles of rain in the streets. 

There two person under umbrella that seemed to walk away from the eyes that see this painting. If we look from a normal distance, both person who seen walking along the walking using the same umbrella. However, when looking more closely and more carefully, the two people walking with different umbrella and distance. There is a doubt about both people, whether they are both women? Or one is man and another one is woman? It can be seen clearly that the person who wears a white shirt and the longhaired blonde woman, punctuated with long legs and a body shape that is very feminine. But the other person looks like a man but also as women. The person wearing darker colored clothing and not obscure form of hair. But it is a bit weird he has the same body posture with a woman dressed in white. Might be he is a shorthaired woman or women who tied her hair.

Image

 

One more Figol impressive work called “Fabolous Trip”. Figol once again using bright colors and give a real impression of the painting. Just like previous painting, in this painting Figol also gives the reflectance of light from the object that is above and beside water. In this painting there is a boat, which seems to be anchored in the nearest land, which is already visible anyway. But there is no one appear who drives the boat, it just seemed to float just above the calm water.

Victor Figol is an artist who always put vivid colors in his paintings. It always makes the painting looks interesting and the impressive one. Figol also always put his name under the painting as a sign that the painting is his work.

References :

“Modern Art” April 10th, 2013, accessed November 13th, 2013, http://jenn-thinkingoutloud.blogspot.com/2013/04/modern-art.html

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Marilyn Monroe as Pop Art

Pop art, the term first appeared in Britain in 1950 was derived from the “popular art”. It is an art that utilizes the flow of symbols and visual style, and refers to the interest of a number of artists in the images derived from popular media such as newspapers, magazines, advertising, television, comics and consumer products. The main characteristic of Pop Art is merging images and bold color game, sometimes accompanied by the use of symbols to convey the message of the manufacturer. The most notably Pop Art’s artist is Andy Warhol, with his work depicting the face of Marilyn Monroe presented in such a way with color.

Marilyn Diptych 1962 by Andy Warhol 1928-1987

We can see above, there is an image which consist of 50 Marilyn Monroe. Andy Warhol split it into two parts and distinguishes it by color. There is left side with brighter color and right side with darker color. Let’s discuss it a bit more detail.

Left side:

Marilyn Diptych 1962 by Andy Warhol 1928-1987

As we can see in this side there is 25 Marilyn Monroe(s) with brighter color. The yellow color as background make this side looks brighter than the right side. In normal view one Marilyn looks same with the others, but if we zoom it or look at it more carefully there are some differences in each Marilyn. At the left side, Andy put 5 image of Marilyn in each line and it seems that he just shuffles them to complete columns. Andy Warhol looks play with the color and the shading which emphasized at this side. The most visible difference between one image with another is the lip color and eyebrow color. While the details are not so obvious is there are several images with different shapes smile. Moreover, the thickness of the shadow showed looks a little different from one another. Just try to look at it; there is the shadow image with very thick, a little thick, very thin even though there is no shadow at it.

Right side:

Marilyn Diptych 1962 by Andy Warhol 1928-1987

Nothing much happened at this side. As we can see that there just black color dominates this side. It seems like this side a copy from the left side with black and white color, or nowadays called photocopy. We also can see that thickness of the colors look from the left side to the right side fade. Even we can see that there is a color that looks very dark even not seen again the face of a Marilyn Monroe.

Warhol might put a fusion of two consistent themes: death and the cult of celebrity. By repeating the image, he evokes her existence in the media. The contrast of bright color with black and white, and the effect of fading in the right panel are seems of the star’s mortality. Warhol is just one of those kinds of examples of pop art artist. Although in times of first appearance many people who thought that the work is a pop masterpiece that not only has aesthetic value and a work that was created for sheer pleasure. But besides that there are many people who think that pop masterpiece is a masterpiece created by the freedom of expression and prove that no discrimination in art.

References:

“Pop Art”, accessed November 13, 2013, http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/art_movements/pop_art.htm

West, Sharer “The Bulfinch Gide to Art History”, accessed November 13, 2013, http://www.artchive.com/artchive/pop_art.html

Boy Bitten by A Lizard

Michelangelo_Caravaggio_061

 

As shown at the title, this painting called boy bitten by a lizard. The famous painter Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio painted this painting or who are familiar with Caravaggio. This painting was made around 1594-1596, is an example of a portrait painting that demonstrates the technique of oil on canvas, 66 x 49,5 cm. Caravaggio’s skill at reflecting reality is unquestionable but his power at capturing his models’ spontaneity and naturalness is still surprising. One of Caravaggio’s biographers wrote that “he also painted a boy bitten by a lizard emerging from flowers and fruits; you could almost hear the boy scream, and it was done meticulously.” [i]It depicts the visual appearance of a human subject. One of the most effeminate of his boy models, with a rose in his hair, starts back in pain as his right-hand middle finger, which he has put into a cluster of fruit, is bitten by a lizard. In this image a young boy poses has just been bitten by a lizard (hidden among the fruit) causing him to react violently, contracting his whole body and his face in disgust.[ii]

This painting looks very real with lighting that is so beautiful. The colors used in the painting adds real atmosphere. With the colors are such that we should be observant and careful looking. Such as the lizards, first I did not see any lizards in there, but once I watched it again lizards dross like the color with the leaves that stood by. Another example is the flower vase filled with water, the color of the water in the vase looks very real with proper lighting as confirm that it is water.

This painting using models that look feminine with a flower attached at his curly hair. He has blush on the cheeks and red lips that make him looks more feminine. Coupled with the way this models dress, it slightly drooping shows his shoulder and arm. But it is evident in the boy’s foreshortened right shoulder, the contrasting gestures of his hands and the leftward sloping light. This is very suspicious why the models looked like it.

I think that Caravaggio was do experiment when made this painting; observing and recording acute emotions – surprise and fear – in a situation where real surprise was impossible and where the pose had to be held for a considerable period. From the articles I have ever read some say that there is a debate about whether this is actually an allegory[iii]. There are two or three possible allegorical meanings worth considering. Quite possibly the scene where the boy is recoiling in anguish is an allegory of the sense of touch. Another possible allegorical interpretation is that pleasure and pain are both to be found in (illicit) sexual and human relations. However generally, allegory probably doesn’t carry much weight with contemporary artists and audiences, not least because today we would be unlikely to accept prescriptive messages.


[iii] Allegory is a literary device in which characters or events in a literary, visual, or musical art form represent or symbolize ideas and concepts. Allegory has been used widely throughout the histories of all forms of art; a major reason for this is its immense power to illustrate complex ideas and concepts in ways that are easily digestible and tangible to its viewers, readers, or listeners.

References:

http://fuckyeaarthistory.tumblr.com/post/36148913275/boy-bitten-by-a-lizard-michelangelo-merisi-da

http://european-art.findthedata.org/l/4586/Boy-Bitten-by-a-Lizard

http://www.wga.hu/html_m/c/caravagg/01/04boy.html

http://artandcritique.com/caravaggio-boy-bitten-by-a-lizard/

http://www.theguardian.com/culture/2002/jan/05/art

http://westerncivimages.com/items/show/2789

The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment was a sprawling intellectual, philosophical, cultural, and social movement that spread through England, France, Germany, and other parts of Europe during the 1700s.[1] The term also more specifically refers to a historical intellectual movement, “The Enlightenment”.[2] The effort to discover the natural laws that governed the universe led to scientific, political and social advances.[3] During the 18th century, the Enlightenment emerged as a social, philosophical, political, and literary movement that espoused rational thought and methodical observation of the world. The term ‘Enlightenment’ refers to the belief by the movement’s contributors that they were leaving behind the dark ignorance and blind belief that characterized the past.[4] This development also creates a sense of trust in the ability of human reason, and it spread to affect the whole mindset of the people of Europe and America in the 18th century.  At the time of the Enlightenment, and the approach based on the ratio of science to the problem of religious, social, and economic trends in a society, so that it produces a view of worldly or secular public opinion and also build on the progress and excellence in various fields.

In the previous century, the medieval man sees himself or herself not as a free creature. They were not the creatures also taught how to answer the problems of real life. They is a creature who must live in a way of thinking and can only think of one thing, namely, how to live according to the teachings or dogma[5] that has been taught by the church. This view is still quite influential in Europe until the early 18th century. In essence, the Enlightenment movement of critical questioning and trying to remodel an overview of the traditional beliefs, customs, and moral systems, which is inherited from the middle ages.

Enlightenment man is not a man who could be controlled by the dogmas derived from religious authority, but rather free and autonomous human beings. They are creature that is able to give meaning to the history of life. In addition, they are creature that provides space for its own development in terms of initiative, creativity, and taste. He also taught how to live and how to develop his world. More than that, man Enlightenment aims to provide a broad space for the cultural richness inherent in every society.

During its development, the Enlightenment period is marked by changes in the political climate, such as the formation of parliamentary government, government consolidation, the establishment of the state, the creation of the statutory rights of the people and also the decline of the influence of the monarchy and the church in the government system.

References:

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/enlightenment/

http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/thenineteenthcentury/a/enlightenment.htm

http://martinfrost.ws/htmlfiles/enlightenment_age.html

https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-history/art-history-1700-1800-age-of-enlightenment

http://hencemakalew.blogspot.com/2011/03/pencerahan-enlightenment-lumieres.html

 

Characteristics of Baroque Art

Baroque is actually art and architecture of Europe and certain European colonies in the Americas. The term baroque also defines periods in literature and music. The Catholic Church encouraged the popularity and success of the “baroque” when it decided that the drama of the baroque artists’ style could communicate religious themes in direct and emotional involvement.1 The arts during the Baroque create a feeling of movement, energy, and tension (whether real or implied).2 There are four main characteristics of baroque art: light, realism and naturalism, lines, and time.

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There is usually one source of light, known as tenebrism, in Baroque art.3 It uses strong contrasts of light and shadow to augment the dramatic effects of paintings and sculptures. For example the painting of Caravaggio “The Calling of Saint Mathew”, by using dramatic contrasts in light and shade, this painting shows realistic figures that are certainly not idealized in any way.3 The objects in the painting are rendered with hard, firm edges and substantial, varied textures, eliciting a powerful emotional and psychological response from the viewer.

 2

Realism and naturalism was also seen in Baroque art through the use of normal details unique to daily life. Facial expressions in painting highlight the subjects’ moods or emotions. Artists would sometimes put themselves in the painting as part of the shadows. For example, Diego Velazquez is seen in the left of his painting “Las Meninas”3

3

Lines help to convey motion and were often featured in Baroque pieces. Sometimes asymmetric, vertical or horizontal, this technique can fool the eye and give space to the piece.3 Lines also go through diffusion in Baroque art with curved figures and horizontal layers. For example, in “The Conversion of Saint Paul” by Caravaggio, diagonal lines show drama.

Many artists using the Baroque style were aware of time and used it to convey the strength of nature as well as how time was a part of life’s process.3 The positioning of people in each work gives the feeling of time moving forwards and backwards.

 

Footnote:

1.http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Arts/scultpurePlastic/SculptureHistory/BaroqueSculpture/BaroquePeriodArt/BaroquePeriodArt.htm

3.http://www.ehow.com/info_8152917_four-characteristics-baroque-art.html

2.http://www.uib.no/ped/baroque.html

 

References:

http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/glo/baroque/

http://www.artinthepicture.com/styles/Baroque/

http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/caravaggio/

http://www.ask.com/question/what-are-the-characteristics-of-baroque-art

http://netdna.webdesignerdepot.com/uploads4/art-history-inspiration/04.jpg

http://www.dl.ket.org/humanities/connections/class/more/baroque.htm

http://theoldmistressesandme.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/velazquez-las-meninas-5.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Conversion_of_Saint_Paul-Caravaggio_(c._1600-1).jpg

The Elder’s Painting

In this world stored so many varieties of beauty, like the beauty of nature, human beauty, the beauty of the objects around us, and also the beauty in art. As we know that the art began to develop in the northern renaissance era in which many people are interested in becoming an artist. At that era masterpieces created by the artist most is a picture of real life. Most of the artists of the period to make masterpieces of painting that could be considered a great masterpiece. Almost of all of the paintings that they created has its own meaning and story in it. Pieter Bruegel the Elder was one of many great artists in the northern renaissance period. He produced many great works are still admired by lovers of art until now, such as painting Peasant Wedding, Hunters in the Snow, and The Blind Leading the Blind.

wedding

The Peasant Wedding is a painting that was made around 1567. This painting is quite fabulous. Just look at the details of every people it describes, in great detail to describe the expressions of each character. This painting also depicts the life that looks very real with the colors she wore such colors exist in real life. The painting takes place in a barn during springtime, and the serving tray is made from a door that has been removed from it’s hinges.[1]This painting tells about the wedding feast among the farmers. Where the party was held in a simple but quite crowded visited by people. Simplicity is shown with a food menu only bread, porridge, and soup. The wedding guests sit on rough wooden benches at long tables. Two men serve bowls of hot grain. One of the men, most likely a servant, wearing a blue coverlet, white apron, and red cap, is the focal point of the painting. His prominence in the setting and the bright colors of his outfit make him stand out. Can be seen clearly that the bride was a sweet lady who was sitting under the canopy of purple, but where the groom? Is he the man who poured a drink? Deliver food? Or he sat his back the drawing? It is still not obvious. 

hunters

The Hunters in the snow is a painting that was made around 1565. This painting tells about life during the winter, where there are three hunters with dogs who had just returned from hunting. The picture also shows the village life where people and animals on the move over the frozen river. Described in detail in this painting is concentrated on natural object trees, snow, frozen rivers and bridges. However, this picture is dominated by two “cold” colors, namely the white of the snow and the pale green of the sky and the ice. People, trees, dogs, birds are all dark or black, it seemed signify that winter brings sleep and death. The meaning of Hunters in the Snow is simply that the man himself is a powerless entity, of no consequence, who is at the mercy of the natural seasons and rhythms of the year.[2] Bruegel captured humanity’s double relationship with winter: we fear it and we love it.[3]

pieter-bruegel-the-elder-the-parable-of-the-blind-leading-the-blind

The Blind Leading the Blind or The Parable of the Blind was made around 1568. This painting depicts six blind men, each of which may appear to suffer from different cause blindness. They move together in dirt track and make sure they do not lose contact with each other because they can be seen holding the same stick in pairs or in some cases each had a hand on the shoulder of the person in front. However, their strategy did not work and we saw that the blind leading has fallen into a ditch and the second in line leaders are now tripping falls. We see the brilliance of Bruegel’s art as he depicts the men in various stages of falling and one must marvel at the expressions on the various men’s faces, he expressions on the faces range from trust to surprise and shock.[4]

We can see above that arts that appears in the northern renaissance era is awesome. Just imagine the era artists are able to create works such detail with a touch of beautiful colors. Significance and meaning drawn from painting – the painting is no less interesting. No wonder if the paintings are still admired by art lovers until now.

References :

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pieter_Bruegel_the_Elderhttp://

http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/bruegel/wedding.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Peasant_Wedding

http://www.wga.hu/html_m/b/bruegel/pieter_e/10/01weddin.html

http://www.theartwolf.com/landscapes/bruegel-elder-hunters-snow.htm

http://suite101.com/a/meaning_in_peasant_wedding_feast-a163883

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hunters_in_the_Snow

http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/b/bruegel/pieter_e/07/01januar.html

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11801271

http://mydailyartdisplay.wordpress.com/2011/07/11/the-parable-of-the-blind-by-pieter-bruegel-the-elder/

Footnote:


[1] http://lkstough.wordpress.com/2013/02/13/the-peasant-wedding/

[2]http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/famous-paintings/hunters-in-the-snow.htm

[3]http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2006/dec/18/art.climatechange

[4]http://mydailyartdisplay.wordpress.com/2011/07/11/the-parable-of-the-blind-by-pieter-bruegel-the-elder/

Beauty in Mind

Most people believe that beauty is someone’s appearance. Especially women, who have tight connection with beauty. But, do people believe that beauty is not just owned by someone? Have people ever looked around? It is impossible that there is nothing beautiful around us, isn’t it? Beauty is not only in person but also in around them. Beauty can be found everywhere. We can find beauty in a dance movement, a scene of nature, a piece of music, a work of visual art, or within an idea, buildings, animal, or anything around us. Beauty is not something which people can lay in their hands on, it is something intangible in our mind, yet it is very tangible to our heart. “Beauty in things exists in the mind which contemplates them.” – David Hume.3

Just like Confucius said that “Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it.”.1

Can beauty be defined by age, gender, color, body shape or size? People believe that beauty is in the eyes of the beholder.  People say that beauty is relative because people seen it by taste, which means we all have our own perception of what is beautiful. So, we can not force people’s opinions about beauty.

“Imagination disposes of everything; it creates beauty, justice, and happiness, which are everything in this world.” – Blaise Pascal.4

Beauty-of-nature-random-4884769-1280-800

If something is beautiful, it is meant for people to stop and stare. Beauty should be appreciated. Beauty brings smiles to peoples faces, and in beauty people find happiness. Although it is often overlooked, nature is the most beautiful thing of all. People travel all over the world to relax and enjoy the beautiful nature has provided.  Without we realize we are surrounded by beauties of nature. For example, if we look at the sky at night, we can see the sight of countless stars and the silvery moon.

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The next beauty that can we found is in arts. One of the most powerful aspects of art, is that many viewers come to an art form with an openness, a willingness to find beauty, even a new kind of beauty or a new sense of it. Just like Ralph Wardo Emerald said that ” Love of beauty is taste. The creation of beauty is art.”2.  Beauty of the world has been brought up by arts; hence they symbolize the creative human and environmental nature. We can find the beauty of arts wherever we go and in any form. For example, Wallpaper in street wall, painting in the house, shape of buildings, and many more. Beauty of arts also can be find in body movement in a dance which has meaning of its.  sleeping_beauty_wideweb__470x319,2

We can see from above that beauty have some aspects of life that we not realize its. Indeed, beauty also often involves a sense of awe, a feeling that one is seeing something that speaks to our deepest feelings. And beauty often involves a sense of mystery. The feelings we have after viewing a painting or a play can touch aspects of the human condition that we may never understand. Just like Kevyn Aucoin said that “Beauty has a lot todo with character.”5. So, beauty is not only in someone’s appearance but also something surround us.

References :

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/c/confucius104254.html

2 http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/r/ralphwaldo136914.html

3 http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/d/davidhume161079.html

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/b/blaisepasc137318.html#zAlJOeBsSi74VUyx.99

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/k/kevynaucoi358517.html#TPbe9k3iUW8AoVgV.99