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Applied Arts

Now on I will discuss about applied art. What is applied art? Applied art can be defined as application of design and decoration to everyday objects to make them aesthetically pleasing.[1] Or it means the application of artworks for daily use. Therefore applied arts are artworks that are most often we meet. Applied arts could be the stuffs that normally we use for everyday objects (daily use) at home. As I said before, applied arts are included many aspects of life such as households appliances, home design, decorations, or even what we wear like clothes.


This is an example for applied art which is made by glass. Because of applied art, this glass can have some functions. It depends on to whom own this kind of stuff. Whether they want use it as decoration or for drinks. This glass has its own beauty, which is carved and shaped like an owl’s face. Because of the beauty and uniqueness of this glass, I think the maker made ​​these goods with aesthetics for decoration. The name of this glass is “Wise Owl Retro Vase”. As I mention before, we can see from the name this kind of stuff intentionally made for decorations.


What do you think about the picture above? What is that? What the function of that? Actually this is a chair. I really love this chair because of the uniqueness of its. This chair named “B.M. Horse Chair” was made by Satyendra Pakhalé. Different with the previous picture, this chair is not for sell but it is a collection of MAKK Museum of Applied Arts Cologne in Germany. This unique chair is very interesting, when the first time I saw it, I feel like I would like to touch the chair and immediately sit on it. But the problem is, this is the stuff that was on display in a museum that might not be touching much less sit on it.


This is another example of applied arts which is applicant in room. The design of each room is so amazing. This creative idea is poured into a beautiful arrangement of the room, with the goods of applied arts which is very beautiful that give more aesthetic to the atmosphere of the room. In design interior we probably meet with many artworks that might we do not realize that. But nowadays in this modern era, it seems impossible if there is no applied art in our home. Just look at your surroundings right now! There must be much applied arts that hidden in your home.

[1] Wikipedia. (n.d). Applied arts. Retrieved from



Luxurious Home Design. (n.d). Amethyst Hand Blown & Applied Art Glass Contemporary Wise Owl Retro Vase. Retrieved from

(n.d). B.M. Horse Chair designed by Satyendra Pakhalé goes into Permanent Collection of MAKK, Museum of Applied Arts Cologne, Germany. Retrieved from

Faculty of Applied Arts Domieta University. (May 29th, 2013). Student Works of First Year in Interior Design Department in Basics of Interior Design Subject Evaluate. Retrieved from


Blade Runner (film Review)


Last week I have been watched a film that been released on 1982. The tittle of the film is “Blade Runner” which tells of life in 2019. At that time, the technology is growing rapidly and increasingly sophisticated. The development of this technology is used to create a highly sophisticated discovery that is creating human clones that named “replicant”. It was made for helping human’s work. The “replicant” made ​​very similar to humans, so it is difficult to distinguish it from the real humans. It was so similar with humans, because the “replicant” also given the feeling, thought and memory of the past of human life that they “played”. But “replicant” only has four years of life, after four years then they will freeze and die. It becoming problems that “replicant” have their own thought and begin to rebel. They want to live their lives like human beings, and not recognized as a human not “replicant”.

The main character of this film is Rick Deckard (Harrison Ford) he played as blade runner. Blade runner can be called as the replicant police, who had a mission to kill a group of the most sophisticated replicant called “Nexus 6”. Tyrell was the maker of the “Nexus 6” that consists of Roy as the leader, Leon, Zhora and Pris. And Rachael was the latest of “Nexus 6” that is more sophisticated from others nexus6. Rachael already can control her emotion and already given by the memories of the human she played. So she is do not realize that she is a replicant.

In the last scene, it showed that Deckard and Roy were fight in the rooftop. It was thrilling when Deckard almost falling down from the rooftop, but surprisingly Roy help him and save his life. I think that Roy was realize that his life not go no long anymore, so he felt that fight with Deckard will gave him lifelong. It is really poles apart with the previous that told; the fragmentation of this film was seems so clear. It is proved when Deckard hunted Zhora, there is no one gives it attention or even help Zhora when she was shot and died. The people let Zhora just laying in the ground and just pass away in front of her.

This film is also contain by “Oedipus Complex” where showed by Roy killed his creator, Tyrell. Oedipus complex is a term of psychology that assumes his father as an enemy and that what happened between Tyrell the creator (father) of Roy. The memory that the replicant had is come from their creator that is Tyrell. Just like Rachael that given the memories from Tyrell’s niece, so she assumes that she was a human that had lived since childhood.

This film also gives a pastiche that showed by how they creating a replicant. It can be said that different creator made the part of the bodies of them. Such as the creator of their eyes is different with the creator who gave them memories.

Rachael was wondering if she really a replicant or not. She was also wondering if Deckard is replicant or not. She looks very sad and want Deckard feel what if he suspect as replicant. And how does it feel when you know that you are really replicant. In some scene, we could see that Gaff always creating a form of origami from waste paper. I think that is the way gaff giving information or clue for some mission. In the last scene we can see a unicorn origami that might created by Gaff. I think that origami brought some information that told Deckard that he also a replicant just like Rachael.

The nuance of this film is gloom. It is proved that is always rainy outside and just a few lights inside. This film seems like want us to capture what will happen in the future (LA, 2019). And the most memorable scene is when Rachael said, “I am not in business, but I am the business”. This statement is sounds like she recognize that she is a replicant. She realizes that she is the product of the business that made for some purposes. 

References :

Indonesian Art

Finally we touch down in Indonesia. Indonesia has so many amazing artworks that consist of sculpture, handicraft, painting, and so on. But this time I will just discuss about one painting that painted by Eko Nugroho. This painting has really meaningful of words. I do not know the exact name of the painting, but there is written “Negara Kaya yang Miskin Moral” in English a rich country that is poor in morals.


I actually think that this painting is describes about what happened in Indonesia. I do admit that Indonesia is always chaos every time and the most popular is depravity of Indonesian people it self. Actually Nugroho tried pouring his concern for the condition of Indonesia through this painting.

As we can see, it looks like an image of a person’s body without head and lower part of body. Nugroho replace the head part with an image that picture the richness of Indonesia. It is consist of natural and cultural wealth. It does not seem peaceful; it looks a bit dark with the color of the sky that seems a bit cloudy.

If we looking down, there is middle part of body with the crumpled creamy shirt. There are hands that cross and in each hand, it holding something that I think it has poles apart meaning. In the right hand, it holding a sword or long knife and the left hand is holding a book. I do not really catch what Nugroho wants to tell with this painting. In the right arm we can see that there is written “Benci” which is mean hate. In my opinion, it is mean there are so many hates, which occur in Indonesia. But why Nugroho put it at right hand, I do not know either.

Just look a little more down, there are 2 gems and a skull under the cross hands. I think it is a symbolic of natural wealth that brings disaster for Indonesia it self. As we can see behind the cross hands, at the left side there is stop sign and the right side is fire. In my opinion, it is describe a form of protest and turmoil in Indonesia. This makes me think that wealth in Indonesia have only made ​​them added destroyed and chaotic. The richness owned by Indonesian, make some rulers became more greedy and oppressive interests of the people. Things like this that lead to endless chaos. 

I think Indonesia should learn to rely more and more about morality. Thus, they can prosper and take advantage of the wealth of existing well. With it will no longer greed and oppression that factor into the chaos that now exists. 

Under The Tree (Film Review)


In this movie, Garin Nugroho trying tells the story of three female with a background of Bali. All three have fairly complex life problems. The movie “Under The Tree” conceptualized with scenes laden with the scent of Bali’s mystical culture and sanctity.

Maharani (Marcella Zalianty), described as a woman who sold by her mother when still a “seed”. She returned to Bali to find out who is her biological mother (while carrying hatred). According to an astrologer, her mother was a dancer. Throughout her quest, she always met with problems between mother and child, both in love, committed suicide together, even the baby trade. However, rather than meet her biological mother figure, Maharani instead found other experience: begins with erotic scene with young man Bali (Dwi Sasono) stating that he is similar to his mother, until the sale of children involved with the business.

Dewi (Ayu Laksmi) is a Balinese woman who is pregnant. However, the doctor said that the baby she is carrying the experience of disability (Anencephalies) and can only live for a few minutes after being born. Finally, he was faced with two tough choices: childbirth or abortion. Whatever the choice of Dewi, the result remains the same. Although the results are the same, which is faced with the choice of Dewi is definitely not something that can be determined by calculating the studs because this is the core issue of the mother.

Nian (Nadia Saphira) told as a teen artist who fled to Bali because of embarrassment due to her father’s involvement in corruption. Nian who crave a new father figure met Darma (Ikranagara), who is practically living artist in the world of art itself. Nian has always trailed Darma with the hope Darma figure can be a new figure of her father.

All three figures were not mutually meet-up each other. It is a film with three stories put together by time and place, that is Bali today, with the socio-political-legal. From what I see, this film is all depicted mystical. But not all stories make a frown. We can see a light laugh with simple story which describes a woman who is jealous because she was never get ride a motorcycle with a man she likes. 

This film is not a film that is easy to follow. First, the language that uses is the language of Bali. Although there is a subtitle, we still would have lost in translation. Second, the language used is the language of symbols. Another problems are I found some difficulties to see what connection this story to a tree, as in the title. Direction is not clear until we can see the shade of banyan tree. Everything is shaded under a tree, which gives life to all. The tree is the parent of them all.



Review Video #1

This time I will review about the videos I watched on November 21st, 2013 in the class. I watched 2 videos that are both telling about art. The first video I watch the video about photography and the second video about Ai Weiwei.

The first video was telling about photography. The tittle of the video was known as “Genius of Photography” that presented by BBC knowledge Channel. But, unfortunately I can’t give you some link or upload the video because of some reasons. That video was told us about the beginning of photography at 20th century; photographer argued that camera is something magic. If someone hold camera then they would hold future. Photography is claimed as a manufactory object tools. It is mean that photography is a tool or machine process to manufacture the object that people see. Photography became something fancy and expensive at that time, and only the rich people can afford to overshadow the photography world. However, photography was only been used for describing political issue to record and recall the phenomena in society during that period.

In 1920’s there is a photographer named August Sander who made a typographic of people. He used photography to see and describing German society life during World War I and II. This typology of photography is used to see an object and capture it from many sides to see the difference of object from many sides and see which one is the best. It was quite interesting; the point in his picture there is like unspoken things that the objects want to tell us. It was kind of the situation of the society at that time, and political violence. Unfortunately, his artwork later banned by Nazi. Because of the photography consist of the record of facts.


Sander was described as ‘The Face of the Times’  and that he was an obsessive collector, his work focused on differences between every body human typology for example – Farmers, Young Farmers, Farmers Children and Wife, Working Life, Head Farmer etc. His work was described as having  ’an oddball quirkiness’

For many decades photography is used mostly for record the criminals and politics side. But in the 19th century, the photographer started to think about the typology of photography itself. Donovan Wylie likes to take pictures from the helicopter, he captured the landscape from many side. He said that we would not know which one is more good if we do not compare it with the others. I think he is cool because he capture the object from different point of view. So we can see on object from different view too. In this case photography is about to record the fact, nothing else.In brief, photography is very amazing media, because with camera we can capture a lot of memories, such as facts, or the society condition, and so on. Nowadays, photography is a common thing for social life. But no many people know that photography is not simple and ordinary as they thought.

The second video is told us about amazing Chinese artist Ai Weiwei. The title of this video was known as “Ai WeiWei (Without Fear of Favor). Fortunately, i was found a link that show the same video. You can access and watch it by yourself at

Ai Weiwei is known as a great artist which is his works are always admired by people. He was born in Beijing in 18 May 1957, then he moved to Xinjiang with his family between 1960 and 1976. Furthermore, he relocated to the United States in 1981 and lived there until 1993. But he currently resides and works in Beijing. has produced many works made ​​by ceramics. As we know trademark of China is ceramic. The most memorable of this video is a brilliant idea and a noble heart of Ai Weiwei who create a masterpiece that employs a lot of people. He was assisted by employees making billions of sunflower seeds made ​​by hand.


Ai Weiwei sunflower’s seeds seems like a small beach with sunflower seeds sands. We can see the unusual field of grey field, filling the space between the bridge and end of the wall of Tate Modern’s turbine hall. You can lying, running, dancing, jumping or just walk through on the sunflower seeds but one thing you cannot eat them because they are made from porcelain. If you eat those sunflower seeds it would break your teeth soon! Haha


I was impressed with Ai Weiwei. With this great work, he was able to hire hundreds unemployed people to earn money. This brilliant idea he got from the Chinese people’s habits that like eating sunflower seeds. Fondness of Chinese people to eat it, then Ai Weiwei tried to make outstanding work that again and again admired by many. In October 2010, Sunflower Seeds was installed at the Tate Modern Turbine Hall, London. The work consists of one hundred million porcelain “seeds”, each seeds hand-painted in the town of Jingdezhen by 1,600 Chinese artisans, and scattered over a large area of the exhibition hall.

It was really amazing!! I think both of those videos were educated people who watched the videos. With watching that video, we can know the history of photography, kinds of photography, benefits of photography and also know about the artist who very humble and innovative while made an artwork. Hopefully we can inspire to make some creativity with more innovative after watching both videos.

References :

Xiao Fan’s Paintings

Asian art can refer to art amongst many cultures in Asia. This time, I will discuss about the painting is painted by young artist from China named Xiao Fan. Fan is known was born in 1992 and started his painting career at a very young age. He could be said has a dark past, and it was became the inspiration that he poured into his work.

Resting on the River


This painting shows beautiful scenery from Guilin. It is features a fisherman’s houseboat and his fishing boat next to which are empty. And It shows the beauty of the river itself. It clearly defined calmness and silence of this painting. The houseboat and the small boat floating on the river that was very quiet. With the fog that blanketed the sky and the presence of birds that stop in the small boat clarify the silence of the river.

River Birds


This painting also shows beautiful scenery from Guilin. It is also features boats on the river and birds flying in the center. It is quietly same with the previous one. The differences shown in this painting with the previous the presence of someone who is seems like little boy dressed in orange and blue pants paddling his boat away from the houseboat. This boy looks very close with the surrounding nature, it made clear by bird accompanying while he pedaling the boat.

Fishermen in Guilin


This painting again and again shows beautiful scenery from Guilin. It is also features boats on the river and birds flying in the center again. In this painting, again and again, we see the little boy who pedaling his boat that accompanied by a companion bird that surrounds him. However, this time the painting shows a person pedaling the houseboat that is also contained in the previous painting. Both of these boats are seen pedaling away from each other.

You might be wondering if these paintings illustrate the same location? The answer is yes. These third paintings illustrate the same location, namely the Yangtze River is located in the village of Xiao Fan live once. The whole of the three paintings are almost the same, only the angle of the picture that different. It is Known that Fan have a sad story behind these paintings. Fan is known as an orphan who left by his parents who carried away of the flood in this river. In These painting he indirectly expressed his longing to parents and village.

History of Photography

History of Photography began in the 19th century. 1839 is the year of the birth of photography. A scientist Sir John F.W. Herschel first used the word “photography”. Photography (derived from the Greek word “photos”: light and “graphein”: write) is the process of painting / writing using light media.

History of photography began long before the Common Era. In the 5th century Before the Common Era (BCE), a philosopher named Mo Ti observes a symptom. If the wall of a dark room there is a small hole (pinhole), then on the inside of that space will be reflected in the view of the outside space in reverse through the hole. Mo Ti was the first to realize the phenomenon of the “camera obscura”.

In 1558, an Italian scientist, Giambattista della Porta called “camera obscura” in a box that helps artists capture the shadow image. Image

However, Johannes Kepler created the name of camera obscura in 1611. Johannes Kepler makes the camera portable design that is made like a tent, and gave the name of the device camera obscura. Inside the tent is very dark except for a light captured by the lens, the image formed in the state outside of the tent on a piece of paper.


History of this new discovery began in 1826. Joseph Nicéphore Niepce, a French veteran, experimented using a camera obscura and a metal plate coated with asphalt material to perpetuate the image of an object. After 8 hours of exposing the view from her window through the process of “Heliogravure”, she delivered a somewhat blurred image and maintain image permanently. His success was considered as the beginning of the history of photography. Drawings made by Niepce, entitled “View from the Window at Le Gras” and became the first photograph ever existed in the world.


Photography then develops very quickly. Through company Eastman Kodak, George Eastman developed the photography by creating and selling a roll of film and camera boxes are practical, in line with developments in the world of photography through the lens repair, shutter, film and photographic paper. 1950, to facilitate shooting on a Single Lens Reflex camera then start to use the prism (SLR), and Japan also began to enter the world of photography with a Nikon camera production was followed by Canon. 1972 Edwin Land Polaroid camera findings began to be marketed. Polaroid cameras can produce images without going through the process of developing and printing film.

Advances in technology helped photography spread very quickly. If the first camera looks like a tent can only produce an image that is not too sharp, now there digital cameras which is like wallet able to make very sharp images even in the size of a newspaper.

References : 

Bellis, Mary “History of Photography and the Camera, Pinhole Cameras to the Daguerreotype”, accessed November 16th, 2013,

Grepstad, Jon “Pinhole Photography, History, Images, Cameras, Formulas”, 1996, accessed November 16th, 2013,

“The History of Photography”, accessed November 16th, 2013,